Saturday, 30 June 2018

Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park

This site features some of the biggest caves in the World. Reminds me the caves I visited ,also quite big, in Majorca back in 2009

Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park
This postcard was sent from Australia by Helen

The Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2003, covered 85,754 hectares. With this extension, the site covers a total surface area of 126,236 hectares (a 46 % increase) and shares a boundary with the Hin Namno Nature Reserve in the Peoples Democratic Republic of Laos. The Park’s landscape is formed by limestone plateaux and tropical forests. It features great geological diversity and offers spectacular phenomena, including a large number of caves and underground rivers. The site harbours a high level of biodiversity and many endemic species. The extension ensures a more coherent ecosystem while providing additional protection to the catchment areas that are of vital importance for the integrity of limestone landscapes. - in: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/951/


Baekje Historic Areas

This is one of two or three sites from where I have postcards with artifacts that were found in the heritage site but are exposed somewhere else. 
This property comprises eight archaeological sites related to the last period of the Baekje Kingdom.

Seoksu found in the Tomb of King Muryeong
This postcard arrived from Italy sent by Marina

The Tomb of King Muryeong, also known as Songsan-ri Tomb No. 7, is the ancient tumulus of King Muryeong, who ruled the Baekje from 501 to 523, and his queen. The rarity of intact Baekje tombs makes this one of the major archaeological discoveries in Korea and a crucial source for the understanding of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
From the tomb, 2906 objects were excavated and subsequently classified into 108 categories. The most important objects include two pairs of royal diadems made for the king and queen and two stone epigraphs containing valuable inscriptions and dates. The epigraphs give the name and age of the king and queen and dates of their deaths and burials, a rarity for Korean tombs. These dates are also extremely valuable as they corroborate exactly the text of the Samguk Sagi. - in: wikipedia

The eight sites featured in the heritage list (in red what I have):
  • Gongsanseong Fortress
  • Royal Tombs in Songsan-ri
  • Archeological Site in Gwanbuk-ri and Busosanseong Fortress
  • Jeongnimsa Temple Site
  • Royal Tombs in Neungsan-ri
  • Naseong City Wall
  • Archeological Site in Wanggung-ri
  • Mireuksa Temple Site

Tuesday, 26 June 2018

Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin

This site was shaped after three centuries of coal extraction from 18th century to 20th century

Pas-de-Calais
This postcard was sent from Italy by Gosia, who recently visited this site

Remarkable as a landscape shaped over three centuries of coal extraction from the 1700s to the 1900s, the site consists of 109 separate components over 120,000 ha. It features mining pits (the oldest of which dates from 1850) and lift infrastructure, slag heaps (some of which cover 90 ha and exceed 140 m in height), coal transport infrastructure, railway stations, workers’ estates and mining villages including social habitat, schools, religious buildings, health and community facilities, company premises, owners and managers’ houses, town halls and more. The site bears testimony to the quest to create model workers’ cities from the mid 19th century to the 1960s and further illustrates a significant period in the history of industrial Europe. - in: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1360

Temple of Preah Vihear

Preah Vihear is an outstanding masterpiece of Khmer architecture.

Temple of Preah Vihear
This postcard arrived from Malaysia sent by SL

Preah Vihear Temple is an ancient Hindu temple built during the period of the Khmer Empire, that is situated atop a 525-metre (1,722 ft) cliff in the Dângrêk Mountains, in the Preah Vihear province, Cambodia.
Construction of the first temple on the site began in the early 9th century; both then and in the following centuries it was dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva in his manifestations as the mountain gods Sikharesvara and Bhadresvara. The earliest surviving parts of the temple, however, date from the Koh Ker period in the early 10th century, when the empire's capital was at the city of that name. Today, elements of the Banteay Srei style of the late 10th century can be seen, but most of the temple was constructed during the reigns of the Khmer kings Suryavarman I (1006–1050) and Suryavarman II (1113–1150). - in: wikipedia

Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum

The Sleeping Lady is now in the National Museum of Archaeology in Valleta but it was in the Hypogeum of Ħal-Saflieni that it was found


Hypogeum and The Sleeping Lady
This postcard was sent by Martinha who recently visited Malta


The Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum (underground cemetery) was discovered in 1902 on a hill overlooking the innermost part of the Grand Harbour of Valletta, in the town of Paola. It is a unique prehistoric monument, which seems to have been conceived as an underground cemetery, originally containing the remains of about 7,000 individuals. The cemetery was in use throughout the Żebbuġ, Ġgantija and Tarxien Phases of Maltese Prehistory, spanning from around 4000 B.C. to 2500 B.C.

The Sleeping Lady

Artefacts recovered from the site include pottery vessels decorated in intricate designs, shell buttons, stone and clay beads and amulets, as well as little stone carved animals and birds that may have originally been worn as pendants. The most striking finds are stone and clay figurines depicting human figures. The most impressive of these figures is that showing a woman lying on a bed or ‘couch’, popularly known as the ‘Sleeping Lady’. This figure is a work of art in itself, demonstrating a keen eye for detail. - in: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/130

Monday, 18 June 2018

Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun

This was my UNESCO site number 800!

Great Pit and Oscar Shaft Head
This postcard was sent by Doris

The enormous mining excavation known as the Great Pit at Falun is the most striking feature of a landscape that illustrates the activity of copper production in this region since at least the 13th century. The 17th-century planned town of Falun with its many fine historic buildings, together with the industrial and domestic remains of a number of settlements spread over a wide area of the Dalarna region, provide a vivid picture of what was for centuries one of the world's most important mining areas. - in: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1027/

Bordeaux, Port of the Moon

On our way to Portugal in 2016, my family and I stopped in Bordeaux, France. We had a great meal, I tasted the wonderful wine, I bought a couple of postcards and we did a little tour around the city. Is very beautiful but one evening is not enough to see everything properly. I hope to go there again with more time.

Bordeaux at night
This postcard was sent by João Nogueira

The Port of the Moon, port city of Bordeaux in south-west France, is inscribed as an inhabited historic city, an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble, created in the age of the Enlightenment, whose values continued up to the first half of the 20th century, with more protected buildings than any other French city except Paris. It is also recognized for its historic role as a place of exchange of cultural values over more than 2,000 years, particularly since the 12th century due to commercial links with Britain and the Low Lands. Urban plans and architectural ensembles of the early 18th century onwards place the city as an outstanding example of innovative classical and neoclassical trends and give it an exceptional urban and architectural unity and coherence. Its urban form represents the success of philosophers who wanted to make towns into melting pots of humanism, universality and culture. - in: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1256

Pont de Pierre
The Pont de pierre, or "Stone Bridge" in English, is a bridge in Bordeaux, (in the Gironde department of France), which connects the left bank of the Garonne River (cours Victor Hugo) to the right bank quartier de la Bastide (Avenue Thiers).
First bridge over the Garonne River at Bordeaux, it was planned and designed during the First French Empire, under the orders of Napoleon I, but its construction took place during the Bourbon Restoration, from 1819 to 1822. During these three years, the builders were faced with many challenges because of the strong current at that point in the river. They used a diving bell borrowed from the British to stabilize the bridge's pillars. It has seventeen arches (number of letters in the name Napoléon Bonaparte). On the sides, each pile of bricks is capped by a white medallion in honor of the emperor. It also carries the coat of arms of the city (three intertwined crescents). It was the only bridge until the construction of pont Saint-Jean in 1965. - in: wikipedia

Tour Pey Berland
Tour Pey Berland, named for its patron Pey Berland, is located in Bordeaux at the Place Pey Berland next to Cathédrale Saint-André.
Its construction was from 1440 to 1500 at the initiative of the archbishop of the same name. Crowned a steeple, it has remained isolated from the rest of the Cathedral to protect the Cathedral from the vibrations of the bells. After the completion, the church had initially no money for the purchase of bells, therefore the tower was used for housing until 1790. After 1790, a lead factory was set up in the tower. Bells were installed after 1851 and the tower began to be used for its original purpose. - in: wikipedia

Place de la Bourse
This postcard was sent by Joana from a Postcrossing meeting

Place de la Bourse is a square in BordeauxFrance and one of the city's most recognisable sights. Built from 1730 to 1775, its architect was Ange-Jacques Gabriel.
This square is one of the most representative works of classical French architectural art of the eighteenth century. In the north stood the Palais de la Bourse (current Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Bordeaux) and in the south the Hotel des Fermes (now Interregional Directorate of Customs and Indirect Rights which houses the National Museum of Customs). This one was made by Ange-Jacques Gabriel between 1735 and 1738 and the sculptures represent Minerve protecting the arts and Mercury favoring the commerce of the city. - in: wikipedia

Bordeaux
This postcard was sent by Joana from a Postcrossing meeting

Bordeaux is the world's major wine industry capital. It is home to the world's main wine fair, Vinexpo,  and the wine economy in the metro area takes in 14.5 billion euros each year. Bordeaux wine has been produced in the region since the 8th century. The historic part of the city is on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble" of the 18th century. After Paris, Bordeaux has the highest number of preserved historical buildings of any city in France. - in: wikipedia

Monday, 11 June 2018

Old City of Sana'a

Sana'a is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world

Old City of Sana'a
This postcard arrived from Denmark sent by Genek

Sana'a, also spelled Sanaa or Sana, is the largest city in Yemen and the centre of Sana'a Governorate
The old fortified city has been inhabited for more than 2,500 years and contains many intact architectural gems. It was declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations in 1986. Efforts are underway to preserve some of the oldest buildings some of which, such as the Samsarh and the Great Mosque of Sana'a, are more than 1,400 years old. Surrounded by ancient clay walls which stand 9–14 metres (30–46 ft) high, the Old City contains more than 100 mosques, 12 hammams (baths) and 6,500 houses. Many of the houses resemble ancient skyscrapers, reaching several stories high and topped with flat roofs. They are decorated with elaborate friezes and intricately carved frames and stained-glass windows. - in: wikipedia

Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)

The city where I live receives a lot of tourists from Saudi Arabia but unfortunately they don't bring postcards with them :D

Madâin Sâlih
This postcard arrived from Germany sent by Claus

Mada'in Saleh, also called "Al-Hijr" or "Hegra", is an archaeological site located in the Sector of Al-`Ula within Al Madinah Region, the HejazSaudi Arabia. A majority of the remains date from the Nabatean kingdom (1st century AD). The site constitutes the kingdom's southernmost and largest settlement after Petra, its capital. Traces of Lihyaniteand Roman occupation before and after the Nabatean rule, respectively, can also be found. - in: wikipedia

Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

I know Portugal quite well, the north better than the south, but I've never  been in any of the Portuguese islands. 

Cathedral of Angra
This postcard was sent by Martinha

Angra do Heroísmo, generally known as Angra, is a municipality and city on the island of Terceira in the Portuguese autonomous region of the Azores.
Some claim that Angra was founded by Álvaro Martins, who sailed with Didrik Pining on his expedition to the New World, and with Bartolomeu Dias on his voyage around the Cape of Good Hope. Others contend that Angra was founded in 1450 or 1451 by Jácome de Bruges, a Fleming in the service of Prince Henry the Navigator, who recruited farmers, fishermen, and merchants in the Low Countries to colonize the Azores.


Misericordia Church
This postcard was sent by Zé "PilotOne" from the Azores Postcrossing meeting

Angra was hit by a major earthquake on 1 January 1980 that did considerable damage to the city's historic center and to many other locations on the island of Terceira. The Azores have experienced many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions since prehistoric times, but the 1980 event was probably the most serious since the eighteenth century. The damage in the city was repaired and rebuilt within four years. In 1983, the historic center of Angra do Heroísmo was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. - in: wikipedia

Medieval Town of Toruń

Toruń is the birthplace of Polish the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus


Medieval Town of Toruń
Torun owes its origins to the Teutonic Order, which built a castle there in the mid-13th century as a base for the conquest and evangelization of Prussia. It soon developed a commercial role as part of the Hanseatic League. In the Old and New Town, the many imposing public and private buildings from the 14th and 15th centuries (among them the house of Copernicus) are striking evidence of Torun's importance. - in: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/835


Old Town Market and Old Town Hall
This postcard was sent by Bozena

The Medieval Town of Toruń is composed of three parts: the Toruń Old Town in the west, Toruń New Town in the east, and the Toruń Castle in the south-east.
The Old Town is laid out around the Old Town Market Place. Major buildings and monuments there include the Old Town HallCathedral Basilica of St. John the Baptist and St. John the EvangelistChurch of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the remains of the old town wall. - in: wikipedia


Burgher's Manor
This postcard was sent by Igor


This building dates from the year 1489. It was erected for the patrician Brotherhood of Saint. George as his summer residence. The building probably used bricks from the castle of the Teutonic Knights destroyed by Toruń's burghers. In the 19th century, the manor was rebuilt, but despite this he retained his gothic character to a large extent. - in: http://visittorun.com/en/content/burghers-manor

Sunday, 10 June 2018

University of Coimbra – Alta and Sofia

When this site was inscribed I thought that only the university was part of it. After some research I realized that some other buildings are also part of the protected area. That means that I already visited a good part of this site, even if I have never been in the University building


Coimbra
This postcard was sent by Ana "Ninocas"

Situated on a hill overlooking the city, the University of Coimbra with its colleges grew and evolved over more than seven centuries within the old town. Notable university buildings include the 12th century Cathedral of Santa Cruz and a number of 16th century colleges,  the Royal Palace of Alcáçova, which has housed the University since 1537, the Joanine Library with its rich baroque decor, the 18th century Botanical Garden and University Press, as well as the large “University City” created during the 1940s. The University’s edifices became a reference in the development of other institutions of higher education in the Portuguese-speaking world where it also exerted a major influence on learning and literature. Coimbra offers an outstanding example of an integrated university city with a specific urban typology as well as its own ceremonial and cultural traditions that have been kept alive through the ages. - in: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1387

University of Coimbra
This postcard was sent by Ana "Ninocas"

The University of Coimbra is a Portuguese public university in CoimbraPortugal. Established in 1290 in Lisbon, it went through a number of relocations until it was moved permanently to its current city in 1537, being one of the oldest universities in continuous operation in the world, the oldest university of Portugal, and one of the country's largest higher education and research institutions. - in: wikipedia

Tower of the University
This postcard was sent by José "PilotOne"

The university harbours a huge central library (University of Coimbra General Library), botanical gardens (Botanical Garden of the University of Coimbra), stadiums and other sports facilities (Estádio Universitário de Coimbra sports complex and Campo de Santa Cruz stadium), an astronomical observatory, a publishing house, a private chapel (São Miguel Chapel), a theatre (Teatro Académico de Gil Vicente), and many support facilities such as dining halls and studying rooms. 

University of Coimbra
This postcard was sent by Paulo Topa

In addition, the university manages several museums and other cultural organizations, including a science museum (Science Museum of the University of Coimbra), a museum of sacred art (Sacred Art Museum of the University of Coimbra), and an academic museum (Academic Museum of the University of Coimbra). - in: wikipedia

Old Cathedral of Coimbra
This postcard was sent by Martinha

The Old Cathedral of Coimbra (PortugueseSé Velha de Coimbra) is a Romanesque Roman Catholic building in Portugal. Construction of the Sé Velha began some time after the Battle of Ourique (1139), when Prince Afonso Henriques declared himself King of Portugal and chose Coimbra as capital. The first Count of Coimbra, the Mozarab Sisnando Davides, is buried in the cathedral. - in: wikipedia

Monastery of Santa Cruz
The Santa Cruz Monastery (English: Monastery of the Holy Cross, Portuguese: Mosteiro de Santa Cruz), best known as Igreja (Church) de Santa Cruz, is a National Monument in Coimbra, Portugal. Because the first two kings of Portugal are buried in the church it was granted the status of National Pantheon. Founded in 1131 outside the protecting walls of Coimbra, the Santa Cruz Monastery was the most important monastic house during the early days of the Portuguese monarchy. St. Theotonius founded this community of canons regular and served as their first prior. The monastery and church were erected between 1132 and 1223. - in: wikipedia

Independence Hall

Says Kate, the sender of this first postcard, that this building is in the one hundred-dollar bills, but she learnt from the internet because she doesn't see them that often. How I understand her! 

Independence Hall
This postcard was sent by Kate

The Declaration of Independence was adopted and the Constitution of the United States of America framed in this fine early 18th-century building in Philadelphia. These events, which took place respectively in 1776 and 1787, were conceived in a national context, but the universal principles of freedom and democracy set forth in these two documents have had a profound impact on lawmakers and political thinkers around the world. They became the models for similar charters of other nations, and may be considered to have heralded the modern era of government. Independence Hall was designed by attorney Andrew Hamilton in collaboration with master builder Edmund Woolley to house the Assembly of the Commonwealth (colony) of Pennsylvania. Begun in 1732 and finished in 1753, it is a dignified brick structure with a wooden steeple that once held the Liberty Bell. 


Independence Hall
This postcard was sent by Erin

The building has undergone many restorations, notably by architect John Haviland in the 1830s and under the direction of the National Park Service beginning in the 1950s, returning it to its appearance during the years when the new country’s Declaration of Independence and Constitution were debated and signed. In the Assembly Room, the momentous events that occurred there are explained and their international impact as well as the spread of democracy are discussed. - in: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/78

Philadelphia
This postcard was sent by Kelly

Old City is a historic neighborhood in Center City, Philadelphia, in the area near the Delaware River where William Penn and the Quakers first settled. To tourists, it is best known as the site of Independence Hall and its encompassing Independence National Historical ParkElfreth's AlleyCarpenters' Hall, the Betsy Ross House, and many of Philadelphia's other historic sites. - in: wikipedia