Thursday, 28 March 2019

The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

This site is located in 7 countries of 3 different continents! I was already once in the Immeuble Clarté and three times in the "Petite Villa au bord du lac Léman", both in Switzerland, and only at third time I found postcards of the Villa

The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier

Chosen from the work of Le Corbusier, the 17 sites comprising this transnational serial property are spread over seven countries and are a testimonial to the invention of a new architectural language that made a break with the past. They were built over a period of a half-century, in the course of what Le Corbusier described as “patient research”. (...) These masterpieces of creative genius also attest to the internationalization of architectural practice across the planet. - in:

Villa Le Lac

This small detached house, designed for Le Corbusier’s parents, was built in 1923-24 from plans drawn up by Le Corbusier and by his cousin, Pierre Jeanneret fully illustrate the ideas for which their authors were already renowned at that time. The Villa “Le Lac” foreshadows three of the “five points for a new architecture”: the use of the roof as a sun deck or garden, the open plan and the ribbon window.
The house, as it stands today, has remained quite true to the original plan. - in:

Maison Guiette
This postcard was sent by Hanko

Maison Guiette also known as Les Peupliers, is a house in AntwerpBelgium, designed by Le Corbusier in 1926 and built in 1927. It was the studio and living quarters of René Guiette, a painter and art critic. One of the Franco-Swiss architect's lesser-known works, it is an early example of the International Style. - in: wikipedia

Weissenhof Estate
This postcard was sent by Steffi

The Weissenhof Estate (or Weissenhof Settlement; in German Weißenhofsiedlung) is a housing estate built for exhibition in Stuttgart in 1927. It was an international showcase of what later became known as the International style of modern architecture. - in: wikipedia

Studio-Apartment in the Molitor Building

Built between 1931 and 1934, the Studio-Apartment at the top of the Molitor Building in Paris is a compact, carefully considered evocation of his “Five Points of New Architecture” — support columns, gardens on roofs, open floors, façades that are floating, and windows that are horizontal for optimal light.

Le Corbusier lived here until his death in 1965, and it’s preserved the way he left it by the Fondation Le Corbusier. - in:

Chapel Notre Dame du Haut

Notre Dame du Haut (FrenchChapelle Notre-Dame-du-Haut de Ronchamp) is a Roman Catholic chapel in RonchampFrance. Built in 1954, it is one of the finest examples of the architecture of Franco-Swiss architect Le Corbusier and one of the most important examples of twentieth-century religious architecture. The chapel is a working religious building and is under the guardianship of the private foundation Association de l’Œuvre de Notre-Dame du Haut. - in: wikipedia

Palace of Assembly, Chandigarh
This postcard was sent by Prashant Alex

Palace of Assembly is a legislative assembly designed by noted architect Le Corbusier and located in Chandigarh, build around 1950s India. It is part of the The Capitol Complex, which comprises three buildings — Legislative Assembly, Secretariat and High Court. This building was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2016. - in: wikipedia

National Museum of Western Art
This postcard with matching stamp was sent by Satoko

The National Museum of Western Art is the premier public art gallery in Japan specializing in art from the Western tradition.
The Main Building was designed by the Swiss architect Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris (1887–1965), who is more popularly known as Le Corbusier. It is the only representative example of his work in the Far East; and the New York Times review of its opening suggested that the building itself presented an "artistic significance and beauty" which rivaled the paintings inside. - in: wikipedia

I'm still missing a postcard from Argentina, but I have one that shows the seven countries

The work of Le Corbusier inscribed (in red what I have individually):
  • Maisons La Roche et Jeanneret - France
  • Petite villa au bord du lac Léman - Switzerland
  • Cité Frugès - France
  • Maison Guiete - Belgium
  • Maisons de la Weissenhof-Siedlung - Germany
  • Villa Savoye et loge du jardiner - France
  • Immeuble Clarté - Switzerland
  • Immeuble locatif à la Porte Molitor - France
  • Unité d’habitation Marseille - France
  • La Manufacture à Saint- Dié - France
  • Maison du docteur Curutchet - Argentina
  • Chapelle Notre-Dame-du-Haut de Ronchamp - France
  • Cabanon de Le Corbusier - France
  • Complexe du Capitole - India
  • Couvent Sainte-Marie-de-la-Tourette - France
  • Musée National des Beaux-Arts de l’Occident - Japan
  • Maison de la Culture de Firminy - France

Thursday, 21 March 2019

Champagne Hillsides, Houses and Cellars

Since this site was inscribed in 2015 that I'm planning to go there, especially to Épernay, but for some reason I always end up postponing...

Champagne Hillsides
This postcard was sent by Javier

The property encompasses sites where the method of producing sparkling wines was developed on the principle of secondary fermentation in the bottle since the early 17th century to its early industrialization in the 19th century. The property is made up of three distinct ensembles: the historic vineyards of Hautvillers, Aÿ and Mareuil-sur-Aÿ, Saint-Nicaise Hill in Reims, and the Avenue de Champagne and Fort Chabrol in Epernay. These three components – the supply basin formed by the historic hillsides, the production sites (with their underground cellars) and the sales and distribution centres (the Champagne Houses) - illustrate the entire champagne production process. The property bears clear testimony to the development of a very specialized artisan activity that has become an agro-industrial enterprise. - in:

Monday, 18 March 2019

Yosemite National Park

The Yosemite National Park was the first UNESCO site that I received from the United States

Yosemite National Park
This postcard was sent by Boyana

Yosemite National Park is a United States National Park spanning eastern portions of TuolumneMariposa and Madera counties in the central eastern portion of the U.S. state of California, commonly referred to as Northern California. 

Mule Deer in Yosemite National Park
This postcard was sent by Boyana

The park, which is managed by the National Park Service, covers an area of 747,956 acres (1,168.681 sq mi; 302,687 ha; 3,026.87 km2) and reaches across the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada mountain chain. Over 3.7 million people visit Yosemite each year: most spend the majority of their time in the seven square miles (18 km2) of Yosemite Valley. Designated a World Heritage Site in 1984, Yosemite is internationally recognized for its spectacular granite cliffs, waterfalls, clear streamsgiant sequoia groves, and biological diversity

Half Dome
This postcard was sent by Victoria

Half Dome is a granite dome at the eastern end of Yosemite Valley in Yosemite National ParkCalifornia. It is possibly Yosemite's most familiar rock formation. The granite crest rises more than 4,737 ft (1,444 m) above the valley floor. - in: wikipedia

Yosemite Valley Chapel
This postcard was sent by Héléne

The Yosemite Valley Chapel was built in the Yosemite Valley of California in 1879. It is the oldest standing structure in Yosemite National Park.
The wooden chapel was designed by San Francisco architect Charles Geddes in the Carpenter Gothic style. It was built by Geddes' son-in-law, Samuel Thompson of San Francisco, for the California State Sunday School Association, at a cost of three or four thousand dollars. - in: wikipedia

Thursday, 14 March 2019

Komodo National Park

Besides the monuments, what fascinates me in Indonesia are the Komodo Dragons! I love these lizards! They look really prehistoric 

Pink Beach at Komodo Island

This postcard was sent by Heidy

Pink Beach, or Pantai Merah, as it is aptly named, is one of seven pink beaches on the planet, and is just one of the many amazing features of Komodo Island that make it truly a Natural Wonder of Nature. This exceptional beach gets its striking color from microscopic animals called Foraminifera, which produce a red pigment on the coral reefs. For this reason, it is called Red Beach in the local tongue. When the tiny fragments of red coral combine with the white sands, this produces the soft pink color that is visible along the shoreline. Aside from Pink Beach itself, a few small segments along Komodo’s eastern bay also have a pinkish tint. - in:

Komodo National Park
This postcard was sent by Shinta

The Komodo National Park is a national park in Indonesia located within the Lesser Sunda Islands in the border region between the provinces of East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara

Komodo Dragon in Komodo National Park
 This postcard was sent by Shinta

The park includes the three larger islands KomodoPadar and Rinca, and 26 smaller ones, with a total area of 1,733 km2 (603 km2 of it land). The national park was founded in 1980 to protect the Komodo dragon, the world's largest lizard. Later it was dedicated to protecting other species, including marine species. In 1991 the national park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Komodo Dragon in Komodo National Park
This postcard was sent by Shinta

Komodo National Park has been selected as one of the New7Wonders of Nature. The waters surrounding Komodo island also contains rich marine biodiversity. Komodo islands is also a part of the Coral Triangle, which contains one of the richest marine biodiversity on earth. - in: wikipedia

Komodo Dragon in Komodo National Park
 This postcard was sent by Shinta

The Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), also known as the Komodo monitor, is a large species of lizard found in the Indonesian islands of KomodoRincaFloresGili Motang, and Padar. A member of the monitor lizard family Varanidae, it is the largest living species of lizard, growing to a maximum length of 3 metres (10 ft) in rare cases and weighing up to approximately 70 kilograms (150 lb). They are protected under Indonesian law, and a national parkKomodo National Park, was founded to aid protection efforts. - in: wikipedia

Sunday, 10 March 2019

Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

This is one of the sites I was planning to visit before I move to Switzerland. It's not very far from where I used to live in Portugal and maybe I'll visit one of these churches one day when I return definitely to my country.

Church of San Miguel de Lillo
This postcard was sent by Patricia

St. Michael of Lillo (SpanishSan Miguel de LilloAsturianSamiguel de Lliño) is a Roman Catholic church built on the Naranco mount, near the Church of Santa María del Naranco in Asturias. It was consecrated by Ramiro I and his wife Paterna in the year 848. It was originally dedicated to St. Mary until this worship passed to the nearby palace in the 12th century, leaving this church dedicated to Saint Michael. - in: wikipedia

Church of Santa María del Naranco
This postcard was sent by Patricia

The church of St Mary at Mount Naranco (SpanishIglesia de Santa María del NarancoAsturianIlesia de Santa María'l Narancu) is a Roman Catholic Asturian pre-Romanesque Asturian architecture church on the slope of Mount Naranco situated 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Oviedo, northern SpainRamiro I of Asturias ordered it to be built as a royal palace as part of a larger complex that also incorporated the nearby church of San Miguel de Lillo, 100 meters away. It was completed in 848. Its structural features, such as the barrel vault — with transverse ribs corresponding one-to-one with contraforts at the exterior, make it a clear precursor of the Romanesque construction. The exterior decorations, as well as the use of stilted arches mark the intended verticality of the composition. It was converted into a church at the end of the 13th century. - in: wikipedia

Santa Cristina de Lena Church
This postcard was sent by Javier

St Christine of Lena (SpanishSanta Cristina de Lena) is a Roman Catholic Asturian pre-Romanesque church located in the Lena municipality, about 25 km south of Oviedo, Spain, on an old Roman road that joined the lands of the plateau with Asturias
The church has a different ground plan to Pre-Romanesque's traditional basilica. It is a single rectangular space with a barrel vault, with four adjoining structures located in the centre of each facade. The first of these annexes is the typical Asturian Pre-Romanesque vestibule, with a royal tribune on the upper part, accessed via a stairway joined to one of the walls. To the east is the enclosure with the altar, with a single apse, foregoing the traditional Asturian pre-romanesque triple apse, and going back to Visigoth influences. To the north and south respectively, there are two other enclosures through semicircular arches and barrel vaults, whose use was associated with the Hispano-Visigothic liturgy practised in Spain up to the 11th century. - in: wikipedia

Holy Chamber of Oviedo
This postcard was sent by Javier

The Holy chamber of Oviedo (SpanishCámara Santa de Oviedo, also known as the chapel of St. Michael) is a Roman Catholic pre-Romanesque church in OviedoSpain, built next to pre-romanesque Tower of San Miguel of the city's cathedral. Nowadays, the church occupies the angle between the south arm of the cathedral transept and a side of the cloister.
It was built during the 9th century as a palace chapel for King Alfonso II of Asturias and the church of San Salvador of Oviedo. Apart from acting as royal chapel, the Holy Chamber was built to house the jewels and relics of the cathedral of San Salvador in Oviedo, a function it continues to have 1200 years later. Some of these jewels were donated by the Kings Alfonso II and Alfonso III, and represent extraordinary gold artifacts of Asturian Pre-Romanesque, brought from Toledo after the fall of the Visigothic kingdom. - in: wikipedia

Church of San Julián de los Prados
This postcard was sent by Patricia

San Julián de los Prados, also known as Santullano, is a Pre-Ramirense church from the beginning of the 9th century in Oviedo, the capital city of the Principality of AsturiasSpain. It is one of the greatest works of Asturian art and was declared an Historical-Artistic Monument by the Spanish Ministry of Culture in June 1917 and a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on 2 December 1998.
The church's construction was ordered by Alfonso II of Asturias and it was built by the court architect Tioda c. 830. It is dedicated to the martyred Egyptian saints Julian and Basilissa. - in: wikipedia

La Foncalada
This postcard was sent by Javier

The Foncalada is a fountain of potable water located outside the city walls of OviedoAsturiasSpain; it was built by king Alfonso III of Asturias in the 9th century. This building remains the only surviving civil architectural item for public use of the Early Middle Ages. Its name was given after the inscription in Latinfontem calatam written on it. Built in Pre-Romanesque style, it is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site list since 1998.
It was originally placed near the city walls, next to an ancient Roman road. - in: wikipedia

These are the monuments included in this site (in red what I already have):
  • San Miguel de Lillo
  • Santa María del Naranco
  • Santa Cristina de Lena
  • Cámara Santa de Oviedo
  • Basilica of San Julián de los Prados
  • La Foncalada