Tuesday, 15 August 2023

Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

The third UNESCO site we visited was in Seville. The Archivo de Indias and the Alcázar we only saw it from the outside but we went inside the Cathedral and to the top of the Giralda.

Seville Cathedral

The Seville Cathedral, officially the Cathedral of Saint Mary of the See, is considered the largest Gothic cathedral in the world and one of the largest cathedrals in the world. Incorporating parts of the city's former main mosque that was built under the Almohads in the 12th century, the current building is a massive Gothic structure begun after 1401 and finished in 1506, with additional reconstruction occurring between 1511 and 1519. The church contains a number of important tombs, including one of the two claimed burial places of Christopher Columbus, as well as many important artworks, including the largest retable (altarpiece) in Spain. A number of later additions, mostly in Plateresque or Renaissance style, were added around the outside of the Gothic structure after its initial construction. - in: wikipedia

Seville Cathedral and Giralda

The Giralda (SpanishLa Giralda) is the bell tower of Seville Cathedral in Seville, Spain. It was built as the minaret for the Great Mosque of Seville in al-Andalus, Moorish Spain, during the reign of the Almohad dynasty, with a Renaissance-style belfry added by the Catholics after the expulsion of the Muslims from the area. 

Seville Cathedral and Giralda
This postcard was sent by Marco

The tower is 104.1 m (342 ft) in height and remains one of the most important symbols of the city, as it has been since the Middle Ages. - in: wikipedia

Alcázar of Seville
This postcard was sent by Marco

The Royal Alcázars of Seville (SpanishReales Alcázares de Sevilla), historically known as al-Qasr al-Muriq (Arabicالقصر المُورِقThe Verdant Palace) and commonly known as the Alcázar of Seville, is a royal palace in SevilleSpain, built for the Christian king Peter of Castile. It was built by Castilian Christians on the site of an Abbadid Muslim alcazar, or residential fortress. The fortress was destroyed after the Christian conquest of Seville in 1248.

Alcázer of Seville

The palace is a preeminent example of Mudéjar style in the Iberian Peninsula, combining RomanesqueGothic, and Renaissance structural elements. The upper stories of the Alcázar are still occupied by the royal family when they visit Seville and are administered by the Patrimonio Nacional. - in: wikipedia

Seville Cathedral and Archivo de Indias

The Archivo General de Indiaslit.'General Archive of the Indies'), housed in the ancient merchants' exchange of SevilleSpain, the Casa Lonja de Mercaderes, is the repository of extremely valuable archival documents illustrating the history of the Spanish Empire in the Americas and Asia. The building itself, an unusually serene and Italianate example of Spanish Renaissance architecture, was designed by Juan de Herrera.
The origin of the structure dates to 1572 when Philip II commissioned the building from Juan de Herrera, the architect of the Escorial to house the Consulado de mercaderes of Seville. - in: wikipedia

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