Tuesday 1 September 2015

Historic Centre of Guimarães

Welcome to my blog of UNESCO postcards! 
I chose the Historic Centre of Guimarães for the first post because it was in this beautiful city that my collection started!
By coincidence it was also here that Portugal was born :)
So, this first postcard was bought by me somewhere in the 90's. The others were also bought by me in the many visits I did to this town in the following years.

Statue of D. Afonso Henriques and Guimarães Castle

Guimarães is a northern Portuguese city and municipality in the district of Braga (...) It is an historical city that had an important role in the formation of Portugal and it was settled in the 9th century, at which time it was called Vimaranes. This denomination might have had its origin in the warrior Vímara Peres, when he chose this area as the main government seat for the County of Portugal which he conquered for the Kingdom of Galicia. (...) The city is often referred to as the "birthplace of the Portuguese nationality" or "the cradle city". - in: wikipedia

Church of São Miguel and Guimarães Castle

The Church of São Miguel do Castelo is a medieval church in the civil parish of Oliveira do Castelo, municipality of Guimarães, in the northern district of Braga of Portugal. The church is emblematically linked to the foundation of the Portuguese Kingdom; legend suggests that it was the sight of the baptism of the young Afonso Henriques. These claims are contradictory, since the date of the church's founding has been suggested to be during the reign of Afonso II of Portugal. - in: wikipedia

Guimarães Castle

The Castle of Guimarães is the principal medieval castle in the municipality Guimarães, in the northern region of Portugal. It was ordered constructed by D. Mumadona Dias in the 10th century in order to defend its monastery from attacks by Moors and Norman.

Guimarães Castle

The castle is a military fortification grounded primarily in the late Romanesque period, and elaborated during the early Gothic epoch of Portuguese architecture. Its area is delineated by walls forming a pentagram, similar to a shield, that includes eight rectangular towers, military square and central keep.

Guimarães Castle

Originating in the foundations of a Roman structure, from the writings of Alfredo Guimarães, it was later elaborated on the French model, in its current the form of a shield, with reduced central yard and difficult accesses. It includes several Gothic characteristics, owing to its remodelling at the end of the 13th century, when the keep and residences were constructed. - in: wikipedia

Guimarães Castle

Multi-views of Guimarães 

Statue of D. Afonso Henriques and Palace of the Dukes of Bragança

Palace of the Dukes of Bragança

The Palace of the Dukes of Bragança, constructed in the 15th Century, fared less successfully in the 19th as it was raided for masonry materials, but has been restored – perhaps more extravagantly than it truly was at the height of its usage. Nonetheless it has been a Presidential Palace, and its conflicting architectural styles are home to a phenomenal museum. - in: http://worldheritage.routes.travel/world-heritage-site/historic-centre-of-guimaraes/.

Statue of D. Afonso Henriques

Afonso I, more commonly known as D. Afonso Henriques, nicknamed "the Conqueror", was the first King of Portugal. He achieved the independence of the southern part of the Kingdom of Galicia, the County of Portugal, from Galicia's overlord, the King of León, in 1139, establishing a new kingdom and doubling its area with the Reconquista, an objective that he pursued until his death, in 1185, after forty-six years of wars against the Moors. - in - wikipedia

Oliveira Square

Oliveira Square is a beautiful plaza surrounded by an eclectic mixture of buildings. The old Town Hall is a 16th Century building of red and beige stone, whose tall arches are Gothic-influenced.

Oliveira Square

Padrão do Salado

O Padrão do Salado, the Battle of Salado Monument, commemorates the Battle of Salado and dates from the 14th Century. 

Padrão do Salado
This postcard was sent by Paula

Padrão do Salado and Colegiada Church

Beside it is the Nossa Senhora da Oliveira Church, remodelled in the 14th century but actually founded in 949AD.

Padrão do Salado and Colegiada Church

Restaurants dotted around the Square enable visitors to sit in the peaceful, ancient town centre and enjoy some of Portugal’s best cuisine. - in: http://worldheritage.routes.travel/world-heritage-site/historic-centre-of-guimaraes/

Padrão do Salado and Colegiada Church

The Nossa Senhora da Oliveira Church began life as a church and monastery in 949AD. It grew in time to found the Santa Maria de Guimarães Collegiate, under the protection of Guimarães Castle, and the Collegiate was one of the most prestigious and wealthy institutions of its era. Little of the original building remains, however, after extensive remodelling in the 14th and 15th Centuries. With its distinctive frontage directly beside the Battle of Salado Monument, it adds a more austere Gothic style to this side of Oliveira Square, yet within lies Portugal’s only collection of Gothic ceiling paintings. - in: http://worldheritage.routes.travel/world-heritage-site/historic-centre-of-guimaraes/

Santos Passos Church

Santos Passos church is a baroque church of the 18th century

Toural Square 

Guimarães Toural Square is the main square of the city and was recently redesigned and rebuilt.

Laranjais Square

This square is known as Largo dos Laranjais for the existence of fruit trees - orange trees that beautify the space. In this square it is possible to observe the monument of tribute to Alberto Sampaio. Alberto Sampaio was represented here in a bronze bas-relief, by António de Azevedo. In this square, Casa dos Laranjais of residential architecture, 17th century, 17th century and revivalist also deserves mention. It is a medieval tower house, with adaptations in the 17th and 18th century periods that gave it its current configuration. It has a quadrangular tower, topped by merlons, of three registers, with facades torn by bay windows and others with straight sills. - in: https://www.guimaraesturismo.com/pages/140/?geo_article_id=1560

Alberto Sampaio Museum

The Museu de Alberto Sampaio was created in 1928 to house the collections of the extinct Collegiate Church of Nossa Senhora da Oliveira and other churches and convents in the region of Guimarães, then held by the State.
It is located in the heart of the Historic Center, in the exact place where, in the 10th century, Countess Mumadona installed a monastery, around which the Guimarães village was born. The spaces it occupies belonged to the Collegiate, and have historical and artistic value: the cloister and the medieval rooms that surround it, the old Casa do Priorado and Casa do Cabido. - in:  https://www.guimaraesturismo.com/pages/152?geo_article_id=58

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