Tuesday, 30 January 2018

Antigua Guatemala

I already saw a Travel Agency advertising Antigua and Barbuda with a photo of Antigua Guatemala...

Arch Street
This postcard was sent by Marco

Built 1,530.17 m above sea level in an earthquake-prone region, Antigua Guatemala, the capital of the Captaincy-General of Guatemala, was founded in 1524 as Santiago de Guatemala. It was subsequently destroyed by fire caused by an uprising of the indigenous population, re-established in 1527 and entirely buried as a result of earthquakes and an avalanche in 1541. The third location, in the Valley of Panchoy or Pacán, was inaugurated in March 1543 and served for 230 years. It survived natural disasters of floods, volcanic eruptions and other serious tremors until 1773 when the Santa Marta earthquakes destroyed much of the town. At this point, authorities ordered the relocation of the capital to a safer location region, which became Guatemala City, the county’s modern capital. Some residents stayed behind in the original town, however, which became referred to as “La Antigua Guatemala”. - in: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/65

Monday, 29 January 2018

Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California

This site is home of 891 fish species and comprises 244 islands, islets and coastal areas

Isla Espíritu Santo
This postcard was sent by Marco

Isla Espíritu Santo is an island in the Gulf of California, off the Mexican state of Baja California Sur
The area is protected as part of the Área de Protección de Flora y Fauna - Islas del Golfo de California (APFF-IGC), and is an important eco-tourism destination. Espíritu Santo is the only known habitat of the black jackrabbit.
The surrounding reefs are home to parrotfishangelfish, trumpetfishMoorish idols, and rainbow wrasse, while many other species pass nearby including sharksraysturtlesdolphins, and even whales. Birds include brown pelicansgreat blue heronssnowy egretsturkey vultures, and hummingbirds. A large sea lion colony resides on Los Islotes, off the north tip of the islands; snorkeling with the females and young is a highlight of many tours. - in: wikipedia

Saturday, 27 January 2018

Historic Monuments of Novgorod and Surroundings

Novgorod is an important Russian city, surrounded by churches and monasteries 

Cathedral of St. Sophia

The Cathedral of St. Sophia (the Holy Wisdom of God) in Veliky Novgorod is the cathedral church of the Archbishop of Novgorod and the mother church of the Novgorodian Eparchy.
The 38-metre-high, five-domed, stone cathedral was built by Vladimir of Novgorod between 1045 and 1050 to replace an oaken cathedral built by Bishop Joachim the Korsunian in the late tenth century (making it the oldest church building in Russia proper and, with the exception of the Arkhyz and Shoana churches, the oldest building of any kind still in use in the country).

Bells by St. Sophia's Belfry
This postcard was sent by Masha

The cupolas are thought to have acquired their present helmet-like shape in the 1150s, when the cathedral was restored after a fire.
A white stone belltower in five bays was built by Archbishop Evfimii II (1429–1458), the greatest architectural patron to ever hold the archiepiscopal office. He also had the Palace of Facets built just northwest of the cathedral in 1433. The nearby clocktower was initially completed under his patronage as well, but fell down in the seventeenth century and was restored in 1673. - in: wikipedia

Church of the Transfiguration of the Saviour

The Church of the Transfiguration of the Savior is a former Russian Orthodox Church that stands on Ilyina (Elijah) Street in Veliky Novgorod just east of the Marketplace. The current building was built in 1374 and frescoed by Theophanes the Greek in 1378. Substantial portions of those frescoes still remain, including the Christ Pantocrator in the dome, a number of saints inside the south entrance, and The Old Testament Trinity in the western vestry, as well as others. The current building is now a museum, part of the Novgorod State Museum-Preserve. - in: wikipedia

Friday, 19 January 2018

Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida

The more than 20 Roman monuments protected by UNESCO in Mérida include aqueducts, bridges, a theatre and an amphitheatre, a circus, temples and Roman baths

Los Milagros Aqueduct
This postcard was sent by Manú

The Acueducto de los Milagros (English: Miraculous Aqueduct) is the ruins of a Roman aqueduct bridge, part of the aqueduct built to supply water to the Roman colony of Emerita Augusta, today MéridaSpain.
Only a relatively small stretch of the aqueduct still stands, consisting of 38 arched pillars standing 25 metres (82 ft) high along a course of some 830 metres (2,720 ft). - in: wikipedia

Roman Theatre of Mérida
This postcard was sent by Joana

The Roman Theatre of Mérida is a construction promoted by the consul Vipsanius Agrippa in the Roman city of Emerita Augusta, capital of Lusitania (current MéridaSpain). It was constructed in the years 16 to 15 BCE.
The theater has undergone several renovations, notably at the end of the 1st century or early 2nd century BC (possibly during the reign of Emperor Trajan), when the current facade of the scaenae frons was erected, and another in the time of Constantine I (between 330 and 340) which introduced new decorative-architectural elements and a walkway around the monument. Following the theatre's abandonment in Late Antiquity, it was slowly covered with earth, with only the upper tiers of seats (summa cavea) remaining visible. In local folklore the site was referred to as "The Seven Chairs", where, according to tradition, several Moorish kings sat to decide the fate of the city. - in: wikipedia

Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí

There are nine Romanesque churches inscribed in this site and they look very beautiful

Eglésia de Sant Climant de Taüll
This postcard was sent by Meli

Sant Climent de Taüll, also known as the Church of St. Clement of Tahull, is a Roman Catholic church in CataloniaSpain. It is a form of Romanesque architecture that contains magnificent Romanesque art. Other influences include the Lombard and Byzantine styles, which can be seen throughout the exterior and interior of the building. The church is a basilica plan structure with three naves, each of them with a terminal apse, and large columns separating the side naves. Connecting to the church is a slim bell tower that has six floors plus a base. The artwork inside the church include the famous mural paintings by the Master of Taüll (contained in the different apses and the keys of the arches), as well as the wooden altar frontal. These works of art represent different aspects of Christianity that can also be found in many other works of art. - in: wikipedia

The nine churches (in red what I have):

  • Eglésia de Sant Feliu de Barruera
  • Eglésia de Sant Joan de Boí
  • Eglésia de Santa Maria de Taül
  • Eglésia de Sant Climent de Taül
  • Eglésia de Santa Maria de l'Assumpció de Cóll
  • Eglésia de Santa Maria de Cardet
  • Eglésia de la Nativitat de Durro
  • Ermitage de Sant Quirc de Durro
  • Eglésia de Santa Eulàlia de Vall

Thursday, 18 January 2018

Hattusha: the Hittite Capital

I have a couple of multi-view postcards that show a UNESCO site in one image and the other images are not part of the site. It is the case of this one, that besides Hattusha shows also others Çorum Province's views. I prefer when the postcards show only the protected area but until I get a better one this one will do.

Lion's Gate (in the top centre)
This postcard was sent by Onder

Hattusha: the Hittite Capital is located in Boğazkale District of Çorum Province, in a typical landscape of the Northern Central Anatolian Mountain Region.
The property consists of the Hittite city area, the rock sanctuary of Yazılıkaya on the north, the ruins of Kayalı Boğaz on the east and the İbikçam Forest on the south. A monumental enclosure wall of more than 8 km in length surrounds the whole city. There are remains of older walls around the lower city and section walls dividing the large city area in separate districts. The ruins of the upper city’s fortification form a double wall with more than a hundred towers and, as far as is known today, five gateways: two in the west, the Lion’s Gate in the south-west, the King’s Gate in the south-east and a procession gate, the Sphinx Gate in the south of the city.
The best-preserved ruin of a Hittite Temple from the 13th century B.C., known as Great Temple, is located in the Lower City. - in: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/377

Wednesday, 17 January 2018

Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios

The three monasteries inscribed in this site are geographically distant from each other but they share the same aesthetic characteristics

Monastery of Hosios Loukas
This postcard was sent by Elena

Hosios Loukas is a historic walled monastery situated near the town of Distomo, in BoeotiaGreece. It is one of the most important monuments of Middle Byzantine architecture and art.
The monastery of Hosios Loukas is situated at a scenic site on the slopes of Mount Helicon. It was founded in the early 10th century AD by the hermitVenerable (Greek: HosiosSt. Luke (Greek: Lukas), whose relics are kept in the monastery to this day. The hermit (not the Evangelist of the Gospel of Saint Luke, but a hermit who died on 7 February 953) was famous for having predicted the conquest of Crete by Emperor Romanos.
The main shrine of the monastery is the tomb of St. Luke, originally situated in the vault, but later placed at the juncture of the two churches. - in: wikipedia

The three monasteries (in red what I have):

  • Monastery of Hosios Loukas
  • Monastery of Daphni
  • Monastery of Nea Moni of Chios

Tuesday, 16 January 2018

Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom

This site includes 40 tombs: 14 tombs are imperial, 26 of nobles

Tomb of the General
This postcard was sent by Lizzie

The Tomb of the General, also known as the Pyramid of the East, is thought to be the burial tomb of King Gwanggaeto or his son King Jangsu, both kings of a kingdom of Goguryeo.
The pyramid is located in Ji'an, Jilin province China, a former capital of Goguryeo. The pyramid was "rediscovered" in 1905. 
The base of the pyramid measures approximately 75 meters on each side, about half the size of the Egyptian pyramids and is eleven meters in height. The pyramid is composed of 1,100 dressed stone blocks. Large stones, each measure approximately 3 x 5 meters were placed around the base of the pyramid and can still be seen today. The monumental size of the tomb suggests that the Goguryeo elite were very powerful and the kingdom had the ability to mobilize large numbers of people for building projects.  - in: wikipedia

Gyeongju Historic Areas

This site is divided in five different areas and encompass the ruins of temples and palaces, outdoor pagodas and statuary, and other cultural artifacts

Anapji Pond
This postcard was sent by Jennifer

Donggung Palace and Wolji Pond in Gyeongju (former name is Anapji) is an artificial pond in Gyeongju National ParkSouth Korea. It was part of the palace complex of ancient Silla (57 BCE - 935 CE). It was constructed by order of King Munmu in 674 CE. The pond is situated at the northeast edge of the Banwolseong palace site, in central Gyeongju. It is an oval shape; 200m from east to west and 180m from north to south. It contains three small islands. - in: wikipedia

The five areas (in red what I have):
  • Mt. Namsan Belt
  • Wolsong Belt
  • Tumuli Park Belt
  • Hwangnyongsa Belt
  • Sansong (Fortress) Belt

Monday, 15 January 2018

Lower Valley of the Awash

The Awash is a major river of Ethiopia and it is believed that humans have lived along the valley of the Awash since the beginning of the species

Awash Falls
This postcard was sent by Manú

The Awash valley contains one of the most important groupings of palaeontological sites on the African continent. The remains found at the site, the oldest of which date back at least 4 million years, provide evidence of human evolution which has modified our conception of the history of humankind. The most spectacular discovery came in 1974, when 52 fragments of a skeleton enabled the famous Lucy to be reconstructed. - in: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/10

Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region

Fasil Ghebbi functioned as the centre of the Ethiopian government until 1864.

Fasilides' Castle

Fasil Ghebbi (Royal Enclosure) is the remains of a fortress-city within GondarEthiopia. It was founded in the 17th and 18th centuries by Emperor Fasilides (Fasil) and was the home of Ethiopia's emperors. Its unique architecture shows diverse influences including Nubian styles.
The complex of buildings includes Fasilides' castle, Iyasu I's palace, Dawit III's Hall, a banqueting hall, stables, Empress Mentewab's castle, a chancellery, library and three churches: Asasame Qeddus MikaelElfign Giyorgis and Gemjabet Mariyam. - in: wikipedia

Saturday, 13 January 2018

Rock-Hewn Churches of Ivanovo

This postcard shoes five Bulgarian rock monasteries, but only the first image is from the churches of Ivanovo. The others are not inscribed in the World Heritage list.

Rock-Hewn Churches of Ivanovo (top left corner)

The Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo are a group of monolithic churcheschapels and monasteries hewn out of solid rock and completely different from other monastery complexes in Bulgaria, located near the village of Ivanovo, 20 km south of Rousse, on the high rocky banks of the Rusenski Lom, 32 m above the river. The complex is noted for its beautiful and well-preserved medieval frescoes. The churches are inside Rusenski Lom Nature Park.
The caves in the region had been inhabited by monks from the 1220s, when it was founded by the future Patriarch of Bulgaria Joachim I, to the 17th century, where they hewed cells, churches and chapels out of solid rock. - in: wikipedia

Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey, and St Martin's Church

Of the three buildings listed in this site I only have the Canterbury Cathedral

Canterbury Cathedral
This postcard was sent by Lucy

Canterbury Cathedral in CanterburyKent, is one of the oldest and most famous Christian structures in England.
Founded in 597, the cathedral was completely rebuilt from 1070 to 1077. The east end was greatly enlarged at the beginning of the twelfth century, and largely rebuilt in the Gothic style following a fire in 1174, with significant eastward extensions to accommodate the flow of pilgrims visiting the shrine of Thomas Becket, the archbishop who was murdered in the cathedral in 1170. The Norman nave and transepts survived until the late fourteenth century, when they were demolished to make way for the present structures. - in: wikipedia

The three buildings listed in this site (in red what I have):

  • Canterbury Cathedral
  • St. Augustine's Abbey
  • St. Martin's Church

Tuesday, 9 January 2018

Medieval Monuments in Kosovo

There is an ongoing controversy over Kosovo's bid to join the UNESCO, which would result in this site being listed as part of Kosovo and not Serbia. I just hope that all the parts involved arrive to a peaceful agreement and the heritage is preserved.

Gračanica Monastery
This postcard was sent from Finland by Sini

Gračanica Monastery is a Serbian Orthodox monastery located in Kosovo. It was built by the Serbian king Stefan Milutin in 1321 on the ruins of a 6th-century basilica.
The Gračanica Monastery is one of King Milutin's last monumental endowments. The monastery is located in Gračanica, a Serbian enclave in the close vicinity of Lipljan, the old residence of bishops of Lipljan. - in: wikipedia

The four monuments (in red what I have):
  • Dečani Monastery
  • Patriarchate of Peć Monastery
  • Church of the Virgin of Leviša
  • Gračanica Monastery

Gamzigrad-Romuliana, Palace of Galerius

Besides the palace, this site consists also of  fortifications, basilicas, temples, hot baths, memorial complex and a tetrapylon.

Mosaic of Venatores (Lion Hunters)
This postcard was sent from Finland by Sini

Gamzigrad-Romuliana is a Late Roman palace and memorial complex built in the late 3rd and early 4th centuries, commissioned by the Emperor Galerius Maximianus. The strong fortifications of the palace are an allusion to the fact that the Tetrarchy Emperors were all senior military leaders. The spatial and visual relationships between the palace and the memorial complex, where the mausoleums of the Emperor and his mother Romula are located, are unique. - in: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1253/

Friday, 5 January 2018

City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto

Along with the city of Vicenza, where are 23 buildings built by Palladio, there are 24 more villas inscribed in this site. So far, I only have a postcard of the city.

This postcard was sent by Marco

Founded in the 2nd century BC in northern Italy, Vicenza prospered under Venetian rule from the early 15th to the end of the 18th century. The work of Andrea Palladio (1508–80), based on a detailed study of classical Roman architecture, gives the city its unique appearance. The palazzi, or town houses, were fitted into the urban texture of the medieval city, creating picturesque ensembles and continuous street facades in which the Veneto Gothic style combines with Palladio's articulated classicism.
Vicenza is widely, and with justification, known as la città di Palladio. However, he was the central figure in an urban fabric that stretches back to antiquity and forward to Neoclassicism. As such,Vicenza has acquired a world status that has long been recognized and reflected in the literature of architectural and art history. Basing his works on intimate study of classical Roman architecture, Palladio became the inspiration for a movement without parallel in architectural history. - in: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/712

The 24 Palladian Villas:
  • Villa Trissino, now Trettenero, Cricoli
  • Villa Gazzotti Grimani
  • Villa Almerico Capra, La Rotonda
  • Villa Angarano
  • Villa Caldogno
  • Villa Chiericati
  • Villa Forni Cerato
  • Villa Godi Malinverni
  • Villa Pisani Ferri
  • Villa Pojana
  • Villa Saraceno
  • Villa Thiene
  • Villa Trissino
  • Villa Valmarana Zen
  • Villa Valmarana Bressan
  • Villa Badoer, La Badoera
  • Villa Barbaro
  • Villa Emo
  • Villa Zeno
  • Villa Foscari, La Malcontenta
  • Villa Pisani
  • Villa Cornaro
  • Villa Serego
  • Villa Piovene

Wednesday, 3 January 2018

Villa Romana del Casale

Villa Romana del Casale is known for the wonderful and well preserved mosaics

The Lord's Room
This postcard was sent by Gianni

The Villa Romana del Casale (SicilianVilla Rumana dû Casali) is a large and elaborate Roman villa or palace located about 3 km from the town of Piazza ArmerinaSicily. Excavations have revealed one of the richest, largest and varied collections of Roman mosaics in the world, for which the site has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The villa and artwork contained within date to the early 4th century AD.

The Bikini Girls
This postcard was sent by Gianni

In 1959-60, Gentili excavated a mosaic on the floor of the room dubbed the "Chamber of the Ten Maidens" (Sala delle Dieci Ragazze in Italian). Informally called "the bikini girls", the maidens appear in a mosaic artwork which scholars named Coronation of the Winner. The young women perform sports including weight-lifting, discus throwing, running and ball-games. A girl in a toga offers a crown and victor's palm frond to "the winner". - in: wikipedia

Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome)

This site is a reminder of the horrors of war

Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park
This postcard was sent by Yukie

Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park (広島平和記念公園 Hiroshima Heiwa Kinen Kōen) is a memorial park in the center of HiroshimaJapan. It is dedicated to the legacy of Hiroshima as the first city in the world to suffer a nuclear attack, and to the memories of the bomb's direct and indirect victims (of whom there may have been as many as 140,000). The Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park was planned and designed by the Japanese Architect Kenzō Tange at Tange Lab. - in: wikipedia

A-Bomb Dome
This postcard was sent from Australia by Helen

The Hiroshima Peace Memorial (広島平和記念碑 Hiroshima Heiwa Kinenhi) (originally the Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall, and now commonly called the Atomic Bomb Dome or A-Bomb Dome (原爆ドーム Genbaku Dōmu)) is part of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park in HiroshimaJapan and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996. The ruin of the hall serves as a memorial to the people who were killed in the atomic bombing of Hiroshima on 6 August 1945. Over 70,000 people were killed instantly, and another 70,000 suffered fatal injuries from the radiation.
The building was the only structure left standing near the bomb’s hypocenter. Soon commonly called the Genbaku ("A-Bomb") Dome, due to the exposed metal dome framework at its apex, the structure was scheduled to be demolished with the rest of the ruins, but the majority of the building was intact, delaying the demolition plans. The Dome became a subject of controversy, with some locals wanting it torn down, while others wanted to preserve it as a memorial of the bombing and a symbol of peace. Ultimately, when the reconstruction of Hiroshima began, the skeletal remains of the building were preserved. - in: wikipedia