Monday, 29 April 2019

Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda

St. George was the first English colonial town in the New World. Several forts are part of this site.

St. George's
This postcard arrived from Germany sent by Christine

St. George's, located on the island, and within the parish of the same names, is the oldest surviving English town in the New World. Originally called New London, it was founded by the Virginia Company and was Bermuda's capital until 1815. It contains many historic buildings, including St. Peter's Church (consecrated in 1612, though the oldest parts of the present structure date to 1620), the oldest Protestant church in the New World, the State House, which had housed the Parliament of Bermuda from 1620 until 1815, and many other historical buildings, including the Tucker House, the Globe Hotel, the Mitchell House, Stuart Lodge, the Old Rectory, the Bridge House, the Carriage House, and the Unfinished Church. - in: wikipedia


Fort St. Catherine
This postcard was sent by Doreen


Fort St. Catherine, or Fort St. Catherine's (as it is usually referred to), is a coastal artillery fort at the North-East tip of St. George's IslandBermuda. Successively redeveloped, the fort was used first by Bermudian Militia and then by regular Royal Artillery units from 1612 into the 20th century. Today it houses a museum. - in: wikipedia

Saturday, 27 April 2019

Stone Town of Zanzibar

This is the town where Freddie Mercury was born, but is not because of him that the Stone Town of Zanzibar is in the UNESCO World Heritage list

Traditional Zanzibar door
This postcard was sent by Emerich

The Stone Town of Zanzibar is a fine example of the Swahili coastal trading towns of East Africa.
The buildings of the Stone Town, executed principally in coralline ragstone and mangrove timber, set in a thick lime mortar and then plastered and lime-washed, reflect a complex fusion of Swahili, Indian, Arab and European influences in building traditions and town planning. The two storey houses with long narrow rooms disposed round an open courtyard, reached through a narrow corridor, are distinguished externally by elaborately carved double ‘Zanzibar’ doors, and some by wide vernadahs, and by richly decorated interiors. Together with, the simple ground floor Swahili houses and the narrow façade Indian shops along “bazaar” streets constructed around a commercial space “duka”. - in: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/173

House of Wonders
This postcard was sent by Doreen

The House of Wonders or Palace of Wonders is a landmark building in Stone TownZanzibar. It is the largest and tallest building of Stone Town and occupies a prominent place facing the Forodhani Gardens on the old town's seafront, in Mizingani Road. It is located between the Old Fort and the Palace Museum (and former Sultan's Palace). It is one of six palaces built by Barghash bin Said, second Sultan of Zanzibar, and it is said to be located on the site of the 17th-century palace of Zanzibari queen Fatuma. The House of Wonders currently houses the Museum of History and Culture of Zanzibar and the Swahili Coast.
The palace was built in 1883 for Barghash bin Said, second Sultan of Zanzibar. It was intended as a ceremonial palace and official reception hall, celebrating modernity, and it was named "House of Wonders" because it was the first building in Zanzibar to have electricity, and also the first building in East Africa to have an elevator. - in: wikipedia

Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

The first postcard was also bought by me in our first visit to Switzerland in 2008, by coincidence the year of the inscription in the World Heritage list. In 2011 we visited Switzerland again and I bought the second card. At the time it was my postcard number 200! The other two cards I got them after moving here.

Morteratsch Glaciar

The Morteratsch Glacier (Romansh: Vadret da Morteratsch) is the largest glacier by area in the Bernina Range of the Bündner Alps in Switzerland.
It is, just after the Pasterze Glacier and Gepatschferner, the third largest and by volume (1.2 km3) the most massive glacier in the eastern alps. The Morteratsch Glacier is a typical valley glacier with a pronounced ice front. The accumulation zone lies between the peaks of Piz MorteratschPiz BerninaCrast' AgüzzaPiz ArgientPiz Zupò and Bellavista. From Piz Argient to the ice front in the Val Morteratsch, its horizontal extent is less than ~6 km (3.7 mi), with an altitude difference of up to 2,000 m (6,600 ft). - in: wikipedia

Brusio spiral viaduct


The Brusio spiral viaduct is a single-track nine-arched stone spiral railway viaduct.
A signature structure of the World Heritage-listed Bernina railway, it is located near Brusio, in the Canton of Graubünden, Switzerland, and was built to limit the railway's gradient at that location within its specified maximum of 7%.
The viaduct was opened on 1 July 1908, upon the opening of the TiranoPoschiavo section of the Bernina Railway. - in: wikipedia

Landwasser Viaduct

The Landwasser Viaduct is a single-track six-arched curved limestone railway viaduct
It spans the Landwasser between Schmitten and Filisur, in the canton of GraubündenSwitzerland.
Designed by Alexander Acatos, it was built between 1901 and 1902 by Müller & Zeerleder for the Rhaetian Railway, which still owns and uses it today. A signature structure of the World Heritage-listed Albula Railway, it is 65 metres (213 ft) high, 136 metres (446 ft) long, and one of its ramps exits straight into the Landwasser Tunnel.
The dark limestone-built viaduct forms part of the Albula Railway section between Tiefencastel and Filisur, and is at the 63.070 kilometres (39.190 mi) mark from Thusis. - in: wikipedia


Landwasser Viaduct; Morteratsch Glaciar, Lago Bianco; Brusio Viaduct

Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes, brings together two historic railway lines that cross the Swiss Alps through two passes. Opened in 1904, the Albula line in the north western part of the property is 67 km long. It features an impressive set of structures including 42 tunnels and covered galleries and 144 viaducts and bridges. The 61 km Bernina pass line features 13 tunnels and galleries and 52 viaducts and bridges. The property is exemplary of the use of the railway to overcome the isolation of settlements in the Central Alps early in the 20th century, with a major and lasting socio-economic impact on life in the mountains. It constitutes an outstanding technical, architectural and environmental ensemble and embodies architectural and civil engineering achievements, in harmony with the landscapes through which they pass. - in:  http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1276

I still need a postcard of the Italian side.

Swiss Alps Jungfrau-Aletsch

This first postcard I bought it in 2008 when we visited Switzerland for the first time, far from knowing that one day we would be living here! All the others I bought after moving here
.
Aletsch Glaciar
The Aletsch Glacier or Great Aletsch Glacier is the largest glacier in the Alps. It has a length of about 23 km (14 mi) and covers more than 120 square kilometres (46 sq mi) in the eastern Bernese Alps in the Swiss canton of Valais. The Aletsch Glacier is composed of three smaller glaciers converging at Concordia, where its thickness was measured by the ETH to be near 1 km (3,300 ft). It then continues towards the Rhone valley before giving birth to the Massa River.

Aletsch Glacier

The whole area, including other glaciers is part of the Jungfrau-Aletsch Protected Area, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2001. - in: wikipedia

Eiger, Mönch and Jungfrau

The Jungfrau (German: "maiden/virgin"; 4,158 metres (13,642 ft)) is one of the main summits of the Bernese Alps, located between the southern canton of Bern and the northern canton of Valais, halfway between Interlaken and Fiesch. Together with the Eiger and Mönch, the Jungfrau forms a massive wall overlooking the Bernese Oberland and the Swiss Plateau, one of the most distinctive sights of the Swiss Alps. - in: wikipedia
Jungfrau

The Jungfrau railway (GermanJungfraubahn, JB) is a metre gauge (3 ft 3
 38 in gauge) rack railway which runs 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) from Kleine Scheidegg to the highest railway station in Europe at Jungfraujoch (3,454 m), between the Bernese Oberlandand Valais in Switzerland. The railway runs almost entirely within the Jungfrau Tunnel, built into the Eiger and Mönch mountains and containing two stations in the middle of the tunnel, where passengers can disembark to observe the neighbouring mountains through windows built into the mountainside. - in: wikipedia

Prehistoric Pile Dwellings around the Alps

This is not a very easy site to see because most of the piles are underwater. I was already a few times in Morges and I didn't see a single sign of where the piles could be.

Remains of Pile Dwellings in Austria 

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps is a series of prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlements in and around the Alps built from around 5000 to 500 B.C. on the edges of lakes, rivers or wetlands.

Reconstructed Pile Dwellings in Unteruhldingen, Germany
This postcard was sent by Crazy-Cooper

111 sites, located in Austria (5 sites), France (11), Germany (18), Italy (19), Slovenia (2), and Switzerland (56), were added to UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 2011.

Isolino Virginia, Italy
This postcard was sent by Marina

Excavations, conducted in only some of the sites, have yielded evidence that provides insight into life in prehistoric times during the Neolithic and Bronze Age in Alpine Europe, and the way communities interacted with their environment. As the nomination stated, the settlements are a unique group of exceptionally well-preserved and culturally rich archaeological sites which constitute one of the most important sources for the study of early agrarian societies in the region.

Reconstituted Pile Dwellings in Hauterive, Switzerland 
This postcard was sent by Christine

Contrary to popular belief, the houses were not erected over water, but on nearby marshy land. They were set on piles to protect against occasional flooding. 

Drawing of the Pile Dwellings in Kolisca, Slovenia
This postcard was sent by Javier

Because the lakes have grown in size over time, many of the original piles are now under water, giving modern observers the false impression that they have always been this way. - in: wikipedia

I'm still missing a postcard from France 

Belfries of Belgium and France

It's incredible how hard it was for me to get a postcard of a belfry of France when there are 23 in the country! From Belgium it wasn't that hard. Now, I already have a few of each country, however I hope to get more.

Belfry of Bruges
This postcard was sent by Amina

The belfry of Bruges (DutchBelfort van Brugge) is a medieval bell tower in the historical centre of BrugesBelgium. One of the city's most prominent symbols, the belfry formerly housed a treasury and the municipal archives, and served as an observation post for spotting fires and other danger. A narrow, steep staircase of 366 steps, accessible by the public for an entry fee, leads to the top of the 83 m (272 feet) high building, which leans about a metre (3 ft) to the east. - in: wikipedia


This postcard was sent by Javier


The belfry of Kortrijk, or Belfort in Dutch, is a medieval bell tower in the historical centre of KortrijkBelgium. One of the city's most prominent symbols, the belfry formerly housed a treasury and the municipal archives, and served as an observation post for spotting fires and other danger.
The belfry was added to the main market square around 1307, when Courtray was prospering as an important centre of the Flemishcloth industry. The oldest part (the base) of the tower still dates back to this date. Because the original tower had stability problems, the top was shortened and replaced with a lower spire with four small spires on each corner. - in: wikipedia

Belfry and Cloth Hall of Ghent
This postcard was sent by Valérie

The 91-metre-tall belfry of Ghent is one of three medieval towers that overlook the old city centre of GhentBelgium, the other two belonging to Saint Bavo Cathedral and Saint Nicholas' Church. Its height makes it the tallest belfry in Belgium.
Construction of the tower began in 1313 after a design by master mason Jan van Haelst. (...) After continuing intermittently through wars, plagues and political turmoil, the work reached completion in 1380. 
The rectangular hall adjoining the belfry was built to headquarter the affairs of the cloth trade that made the city rich during the Middle Ages. 
A small annex dating from 1741, called the Mammelokker, served as the entrance and guard's quarters of the city jail that occupied part of the old cloth hall from 1742 to 1902. The name refers to the sculpture of Roman Charity poised high above the front doorway. - in: wikipedia


Cathedral of Our Lady in Antwerp
This postcard arrived from Spain sent by Patricia


The Cathedral of Our Lady is a Roman Catholic cathedral in AntwerpBelgium. Today's see of the Diocese of Antwerp started in 1352 and, although the first stage of construction was ended in 1521, has never been 'completed'. In Gothic style, its architects were Jan and Pieter Appelmans. It contains a number of significant works by the Baroque painter Peter Paul Rubens, as well as paintings by artists such as Otto van VeenJacob de Backer and Marten de Vos
The church's one finished spire is 123 metres (404 ft) high, the highest church tower in the BeneluxCharles V, Holy Roman Emperorcommented that the spire should be kept under glass, and Napoleon compared the spire to Mechlin lace.- in: wikipedia


Antwerp City Hall
This postcard was sent by Hanko

The Stadhuis (City Hall) of AntwerpBelgium, stands on the western side of Antwerp's Grote Markt (Great Market Square). Erected between 1561 and 1565 after designs made by Cornelis Floris de Vriendt and several other architects and artists, this Renaissance building incorporates both Flemish and Italian influences. - in: wikipedia


St. Rumbold's Cathedral
This postcard arrived from Spain sent by Patricia

St. Rumbold's Cathedral (DutchSint-Romboutskathedraal) is the Belgian metropolitan archiepiscopal cathedral in Mechelen, dedicated to Saint Rumbold, Christian missionary and martyr who had founded an abbey nearby.
Construction of the church itself started shortly after 1200, and it was consecrated in 1312, when part had become usable. From 1324 onwards the flying buttresses and revised choir structure acquired characteristics that would distinguish Brabantine Gothic from French Gothic.
During the final phase of 1452-1520, the tower was erected, financed by pilgrims and later by its proprietor, the City.
The flat-topped silhouette of the cathedral's tower is easily recognizable and dominates the surroundings. For centuries it held the city documents, served as a watchtower, and could sound the fire alarm. Despite its characteristic incompleteness, this World Heritage monument is 97.28 metres high and its 514 steps are mounted by thousands of tourists every year, following the footsteps of Louis XVNapoleonKing Albert I, and King Baudouin with queen Fabiola in 1981. - in: wikipedia

St Peter's Church of Leuven
This postcard arrived from Spain sent by Patricia

Saint Peter's Church (Dutch: Sint-Pieterskerk) of LeuvenBelgium, is situated on the city's Grote Markt (main market square), right across the ornate Town Hall. Built mainly in the 15th century in Brabantine Gothic style, the church has a cruciform floor plan and a low bell tower that has never been completed. It is 93 meters long.
In 1505, Joost Matsys (brother of painter Quentin Matsys) forged an ambitious plan to erect three colossal towers of freestone surmounted by openwork spires, which would have had a grand effect, as the central spire would rise up to about 170 m, making it the world's tallest structure at the time. Insufficient ground stability and funds proved this plan impracticable, as the central tower reached less than a third of its intended height before the project was abandoned in 1541. After the height was further reduced by partial collapses from 1570 to 1604, the main tower now rises barely above the church roof; at its sides are mere stubs - in: wikipedia

Belfry of Tournai (at the right)
This postcard was sent by Natália

The belfry (Frenchbeffroi) of TournaiBelgium, is a freestanding bell tower of medieval origin, 72 metres in height with a 256-step stairway.
Construction of the belfry began around 1188 when King Philip Augustus of France granted Tournai its town charter, conferring among other privileges the right to mount a communal bell to ring out signals to the townsfolk. - in: wikipedia


Belfry of the City Hall of Lille
This postcard was sent by Ana


In Lille, the belfry is attached to the City hall and dominates the city by its height. With its typical architecture, it is the highest of the region Nord Pas de Calais.
Made in bricks, the material used at this time in the region, the belfry of Lille was unveiled in 1932. Symbolical watchtowers for the northern cities, the belfries were used to inform that the population had to be gathered.
The belfry of Lille is the heist of the region: with its 104m high, it dominates the town and it’s also the highest municipal building of France. - in: http://www.visitlilles.com/en/heritage-and-culture/monuments-and-architecture/EN/42/the-belfry-of-the-town-hall

Belfry of the City Hall of Arras
This postcard arrived from Finland sent by Anu

The Gothic town hall and its belfry were constructed between 1463 and 1554 and had to be rebuilt in a slightly less grandiose style after World War I. The belfry is 75 meters (246 feet) high and used to serve as a watchtower. Nowadays tourists can enjoy ascending the belfry. - in: wikipedia


Belfry of the City Hall of Calais
This postcard was sent by Hanko


One of Calais’ finest landmarks is the Town Hall (1911-25) whose clock towering belfry can be seen for miles around. This magnificent neo-Femish-style structure built of brick and stone was finally completed in 1925 after being interrupted by The Great War. - in: http://www.calais-guide.co.uk/sights/hotel-de-ville.html


Belfry of The City Hall of Hesdin (left)
This postcard was sent by Hanko


Hesdin The Town Hall, built in the sixteenth century, has a red brick facade, while its plinth is made of sandstone. One can observe the coat of arms of Charles V, and the weapons of the Prince de Ligne, on the part of the sixteenth century. Inside, the marriage hall exposes an array of Vluitel inspired by Dante's Inferno by Delacroix, while the music room has an impressive fireplace of the sixteenth century the arms of Robert de Melun. The Flemish tapestries from the room tapestries, have been classified as an historic monument. - in: http://www.france-voyage.com/cities-towns/hesdin-24196.htm

The belfries (in red what I have):

Belgium

  • Belfry of Bruges
  • City Hall and Belfry of Diksmuide
  • Belfry of Kortrijk
  • Belfry of Lo-Reninge
  • Town Hall and Belfry of Menen
  • Town Hall and Belfry of Nieuwpoort
  • Town Hall and Belfry of Roeselare
  • Belfry, Cloth Hall and Aldermen's Chamber of Tielt
  • City Hall and Belfry of Veurne
  • Cloth Hall with Belfry of Ypres
  • Aldermen's House with Belfry of Aalst
  • City Hall with Belfry of Dendermonde
  • City Hall with Belfry of Eeklo
  • Belfry, Cloth Hall and Mammelokker of Ghent
  • City Hall with Belfry of Oudenaarde
  • Cathedral of Our Lady in Antwerp
  • City Hall of Antwerp
  • Former City & 'Laken'(Cloth) Hall of Herentals
  • City Hall and Belfry tower of Lier
  • St. Rumbold's Tower of the Cathedral of Mechelen
  • Old Cloth Hall with Belfry of Mechelen
  • Saint Peter's Church and Tower in Leuven
  • St. Germanus Church with Stadstoren (City Tower) in Tienen
  • Saint Leonard's Church in Zoutleeuw
  • City Hall with Tower of Sint-Truiden
  • Basilica of Our Lady with Stadstoren (City Tower) in Tongeren
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Binche
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Charleroi
  • Belfry of Mons
  • Belfry of Thuin
  • Belfry of Tournai
  • Belfry of Gembloux
  • Belfry of Namur
France
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Armentières
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Bailleul
  • Belfry of Bergues
  • Belfry of the St. Martin's Church in Cambrai
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Comines
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Douai
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Dunkirk
  • Belfry of the Church Saint Eloi in Dunkirk 
  • Belfry of Gravelines
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Lille
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Loos
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Aire-sur-la-Lys
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Arras
  • Belfry of Béthune
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Boulogne-sur-Mer
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Calais
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Hesdin
  • Belfry of Abbeville
  • Belfry of Amiens
  • Belfry of the former Municipal Hall, now tourist information center in Doullens
  • Belfry on the remaining City Gate of Lucheux
  • Belfry of Rue
  • Belfry of Saint-Riquier