Sunday, 10 March 2019

Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

This is one of the sites I was planning to visit before I move to Switzerland. It's not very far from where I used to live in Portugal and maybe I'll visit one of these churches one day when I return definitely to my country.

Church of San Miguel de Lillo
This postcard was sent by Patricia

St. Michael of Lillo (SpanishSan Miguel de LilloAsturianSamiguel de Lliño) is a Roman Catholic church built on the Naranco mount, near the Church of Santa María del Naranco in Asturias. It was consecrated by Ramiro I and his wife Paterna in the year 848. It was originally dedicated to St. Mary until this worship passed to the nearby palace in the 12th century, leaving this church dedicated to Saint Michael. - in: wikipedia

Church of Santa María del Naranco
This postcard was sent by Patricia

The church of St Mary at Mount Naranco (SpanishIglesia de Santa María del NarancoAsturianIlesia de Santa María'l Narancu) is a Roman Catholic Asturian pre-Romanesque Asturian architecture church on the slope of Mount Naranco situated 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Oviedo, northern SpainRamiro I of Asturias ordered it to be built as a royal palace as part of a larger complex that also incorporated the nearby church of San Miguel de Lillo, 100 meters away. It was completed in 848. Its structural features, such as the barrel vault — with transverse ribs corresponding one-to-one with contraforts at the exterior, make it a clear precursor of the Romanesque construction. The exterior decorations, as well as the use of stilted arches mark the intended verticality of the composition. It was converted into a church at the end of the 13th century. - in: wikipedia

Santa Cristina de Lena Church
This postcard was sent by Javier

St Christine of Lena (SpanishSanta Cristina de Lena) is a Roman Catholic Asturian pre-Romanesque church located in the Lena municipality, about 25 km south of Oviedo, Spain, on an old Roman road that joined the lands of the plateau with Asturias
The church has a different ground plan to Pre-Romanesque's traditional basilica. It is a single rectangular space with a barrel vault, with four adjoining structures located in the centre of each facade. The first of these annexes is the typical Asturian Pre-Romanesque vestibule, with a royal tribune on the upper part, accessed via a stairway joined to one of the walls. To the east is the enclosure with the altar, with a single apse, foregoing the traditional Asturian pre-romanesque triple apse, and going back to Visigoth influences. To the north and south respectively, there are two other enclosures through semicircular arches and barrel vaults, whose use was associated with the Hispano-Visigothic liturgy practised in Spain up to the 11th century. - in: wikipedia

Holy Chamber of Oviedo
This postcard was sent by Javier

The Holy chamber of Oviedo (SpanishCámara Santa de Oviedo, also known as the chapel of St. Michael) is a Roman Catholic pre-Romanesque church in OviedoSpain, built next to pre-romanesque Tower of San Miguel of the city's cathedral. Nowadays, the church occupies the angle between the south arm of the cathedral transept and a side of the cloister.
It was built during the 9th century as a palace chapel for King Alfonso II of Asturias and the church of San Salvador of Oviedo. Apart from acting as royal chapel, the Holy Chamber was built to house the jewels and relics of the cathedral of San Salvador in Oviedo, a function it continues to have 1200 years later. Some of these jewels were donated by the Kings Alfonso II and Alfonso III, and represent extraordinary gold artifacts of Asturian Pre-Romanesque, brought from Toledo after the fall of the Visigothic kingdom. - in: wikipedia

Church of San Julián de los Prados
This postcard was sent by Patricia

San Julián de los Prados, also known as Santullano, is a Pre-Ramirense church from the beginning of the 9th century in Oviedo, the capital city of the Principality of AsturiasSpain. It is one of the greatest works of Asturian art and was declared an Historical-Artistic Monument by the Spanish Ministry of Culture in June 1917 and a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on 2 December 1998.
The church's construction was ordered by Alfonso II of Asturias and it was built by the court architect Tioda c. 830. It is dedicated to the martyred Egyptian saints Julian and Basilissa. - in: wikipedia

La Foncalada
This postcard was sent by Javier

The Foncalada is a fountain of potable water located outside the city walls of OviedoAsturiasSpain; it was built by king Alfonso III of Asturias in the 9th century. This building remains the only surviving civil architectural item for public use of the Early Middle Ages. Its name was given after the inscription in Latinfontem calatam written on it. Built in Pre-Romanesque style, it is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site list since 1998.
It was originally placed near the city walls, next to an ancient Roman road. - in: wikipedia

These are the monuments included in this site (in red what I already have):
  • San Miguel de Lillo
  • Santa María del Naranco
  • Santa Cristina de Lena
  • Cámara Santa de Oviedo
  • Basilica of San Julián de los Prados
  • La Foncalada

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