Tuesday, 16 May 2017

Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

This site, composed by 8 monuments, is known by the wonderful mosaics. These are the kind of buildings where a visit to the interior is a must

Mosaics of Ravenna
This postcard was sent by Martina

Ravenna was the seat of the Roman Empire in the 5th century and then of Byzantine Italy until the 8th century. It has a unique collection of early Christian mosaics and monuments. All eight buildings were constructed in the 5th and 6th centuries. They show great artistic skill, including a wonderful blend of Graeco-Roman tradition, Christian iconography and oriental and Western styles. - in: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/788

Mausoleum of Galla Placidia
This postcard was sent by Paula

The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia is a Roman building in RavennaItaly. It was listed with seven other structures in Ravenna in the World Heritage List in 1996. The UNESCO experts describe it as "the earliest and best preserved of all mosaic monuments, and at the same time one of the most artistically perfect".
The interior of the mausoleum is covered with rich Byzantine mosaics, and light enters through alabaster window panels. The inside contains two famous mosaic lunettes, and the rest of the interior is filled with mosaics of Christian and Apocalyptic symbols. - in: wikipedia

Church of St. Vitale
This postcard was sent by Alessandro

The "Basilica of San Vitale" is a church in RavennaItaly, and one of the most important examples of early Christian Byzantine art and architecture in Europe.
The church was begun by Bishop Ecclesius in 526, when Ravenna was under the rule of the Ostrogoths and completed by the 27th Bishop of Ravenna, Maximian, in 547 preceding the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna.
The church is most famous for its wealth of Byzantine mosaics, the largest and best preserved outside of Constantinople. The church is of extreme importance in Byzantine art, as it is the only major church from the period of the Emperor Justinian I to survive virtually intact to the present day. Furthermore, it is thought to reflect the design of the Byzantine Imperial Palace Audience Chamber, of which nothing at all survives. - in: wikipedia

Mausoleum of Theodoric
This postcard was sent by Alessandro 

The Mausoleum of Theoderic is an ancient monument just outside RavennaItaly. It was built in 520 AD by Theoderic the Great as his future tomb.
The current structure of the mausoleum is divided into two decagonal orders, one above the other; both are made of Istria stone. Its roof is a single 300–ton Istrian stone, 10 meters in diameter. A niche leads down to a room that was probably a chapel for funeral liturgies; a stair leads to the upper floor. Located in the centre of the floor is a circular porphyry stone grave, in which Theoderic was buried. His remains were removed during Byzantine rule, when the mausoleum was turned into a Christian oratory. In the late 19th century, silting from a nearby rivulet that had partly submerged the mausoleum was drained and excavated. - in: wikipedia

Basilica of St. Apollinare in Classe
This postcard was sent by Alessandro

The Basilica of Sant' Apollinare in Classe is an important monument of Byzantine art near RavennaItaly.
The imposing brick structure was erected at the beginning of 6th century by order of Bishop Ursicinus, using money from the Greek banker Iulianus Argentarius.
The exterior has a large façade with two simple uprights and one mullioned window with three openings. The narthex and building to the right of the entry are later additions, as is the fine 9th century round bell tower with mullioned windows.
The church is on a nave and two aisles. An ancient altar in the mid of the nave covers the place of the saint's martyrdom. The church ends with a polygonal apse, sided by two chapels with apses. - in: wikipedia

The 8 structures inscribed (in red what I have):

  • Mausoleum of Galla Placidia
  • Church of St. Vitale
  • Neonian Baptistry
  • Archiepiscopal Chapel
  • Basilica of St. Apollinaire Nuovo
  • Arian Baptistry
  • Mausoleum of Theodoric
  • Basilica of St. Apollinare in Classe

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